



SpringMass SHM (Kinematics)

To begin an oscillation, drag the block up or down and then release.

The periodic motion of the block
is simple harmonic because the acceleration
is always proportional, but opposite to the displacement from the equilibrium
position (definition of SHM).

Properties of SHM:
 It is identical to the projection of a uniform circular motion on an axis.
 The curves (xt, vt and at) are sinusoidal with acceleration leading velocity by π/2 and velocity leading displacement by π/2.
 The period of oscillation is independent of amplitude (isochronism).










 Suppose a particle P rotating anticlockwise with radius A and angular frequency ω.
Of P, the displacement from the center of circle, the tangential velocity (ωA) and the centripetal
acceleration (ω^{2}A) are represented, respectively, by the red, blue, and black vectors in the above figures.
 Suppose the displacement vector makes angle θ = ωt with the positive xaxis, so the projection of this vector on the yaxis is
y = Asinθ = A sin(ωt) ....(1)
 The tangential velocity leads the displacement by π/2, so the projection of the velocity vector on the yaxis is
v_{y} =ωA sin(ωt + π/2) ....(2)
 The centripetal acceleration leads the displacement by π, so the projection of the acceleration vector on the yaxis is
a_{y} =ω^{2}Asin(ωt +π) ....(3)
 Using (1), (2) and the identity sin(θ + π) = sinθ , we obtain a_{y} = ω^{2}y, the SHM equation. Thus, we conclude
 A SHM can be regarded as an axisprojection of a uniform circular motion.
 In shm, the amplitudes of displacement, velocity and acceleration are A, ωA and ω^{2}A respectively.
 Phase Differences: a leads v by π/2 ; v leads displacement by π/2.





